Wildflower Turf is a balanced mixture of wildflowers and perennials growing in a moisture retentive biodegradable felt, to provide an instant wildflower meadow. Wildflowers are notoriously difficult to establish when grown from seed, or even as small plug plants, in an existing lawn or meadow.  This is because of competition from already established aggressive grasses. Wildflower Turf provides the instant solution to this problem providing wildflowers which are already growing.

Benefits of wildflower turf:

  • Establishes a wildflower meadow instantly
  • Established plants are growing in a felt base, which acts as a weed barrier
  • The 50% wildflower and 50% perennials mix is pre-planted at the correct density to give optimum conditions for establishment
  • Low maintenance requirement – usually one cut per year
  • Attracts wildlife such as butterflies, insects and other invertebrates, birds and mammals
  • A prolonged flowering period providing aesthetic pleasure throughout the year

Species included in the mix:

Common name: Betony
Latin name: Stachys officinalis
Height: Up to 75cm

An increasingly rare wildflower. Flourishes in semi-shade and produces nectar. Magenta flowers June to September. Particularly attractive to Speckled Yellow Butterfly.

Common name: Bird’s-foot trefoil
Latin name: Lotus corniculatus
Height: 20-40cm

A particular favourite of butterflies and moths. Produces yellow nectar rich flowers from May to September. Distinctive seed pods. Excellent plant for bees.

Common name: Cat’s Ear
Latin name: Hypochaeries radicata
Height: Up to 60cm

A good nectar plant and excellent drought survivor. Yellow dandelion flowers June to October. Favourite of Feathered Footman Moth. Native of meadows and pastures, grassy dunes and waysides.

Common name: Common vetch
Latin name: Vicia sativa ssp nigra
Height: 15-40cm

Pink/purple flowers from June onwards. Very attractive to bees and the Pea Moth. An annual for sunny sites. Can be erect, trailing or scrambling. Producer of nectar.

Common name: Cowslip
Latin name: Primula veris
Height: Up to 25cm

Yellow upright flowers April to May. Excellent source of nectar and very popular with butterflies and moths. Favours full exposure to sun. Native of meadows and pastures on basic and especially calcareous soils.

Common name: Field geranium
Latin name: Geranium pratense
Height: Up to 90cm

Native of meadows and roadsides. Bright blue flowers June to September. Good nectar plant and attractive to Brown Argus Butterfly. Flourishes in sunny sites and makes a good border plant.

Common name: Lady’s bedstraw
Latin name: Gallium verum
Height: Up to 80cm

Low growing plant spreading ground cover with yellow flowers June-August. Attracts a wide variety of butterflies and moths and smells of honey.

Common name: Lesser knapweed
Latin name: Centaurea nigra
Height: Up to 100cm

Mauve thistle like flowers June to September. Excellent nectar provider for bees and butterflies. Birds, especially finches like its seeds.

Common name: Meadow Buttercup
Latin name: Ranunculus acris
Height: Up to 50cm

Common grassland meadow plant. Yellow flowers May to September. Rich in nectar and attractive to bees, butterflies and moths especially Flame Brocade Moth.

Common name: Musk mallow
Latin name: Malva moschata
Height: Up to 80cm

Delicate pink mallow flowers July to September. Supplies good nectar food for butterflies and attracts Mallow moth. Native to grassy places, pastures and hedge banks. Enjoys full exposure to the sun.

Common name: Perforate St Johns wort
Latin name: Hypericum perforatum
Height: 20-50cm

A particular favourite with bees. It bears a fruit that contains many seeds. Flowers May to September. Yellow flowers with translucent dots. Native of open woods, hedge banks and grassland. A recently re-discovered herbal remedy plant.

Common name: Ragged robin
Latin name: Lychnis flos-cuculi
Height: Up to 75cm

Bumblebees, butterflies and honey bees all enjoy the nectar it produces. Flowers May to September. Flourishes in wet areas and is a common plant of damp meadows, marshes, fens and wet woods.

Common name: Red campion
Latin name: Silene dioica
Height: 30-80cm

Attracts bumblebees and butterflies. Flowers May to July. Often found with white campion and their hybrid. A good nectar plant that enjoys shaded areas.

Common name: Ribwort plantain
Latin name: Plantago lanceolata
Height: 10-40cm

A good plant for seed eating birds, moths and butterflies. Flowers April to August. Often found in open grassland and has brownish flowers.

Common name: Salad burnet
Latin name: Sanguisorba minor
Height: Up to 50cm

Attracts birds, bees and a variety of insects. Has distinctive leaves that when crushed smell of cucumber and be added to salads. Flowers July onwards.

Common name: Selfheal
Latin name: Prunella vulgaris
Height: 30-60cm

Self-seeds and is an excellent nectar plant for insects. Flowers May to June. A good nectar plant. Found in lawns where constant cutting will give flowers all summer.

Common name: Tufted vetch
Latin name: Vicia cracca
Height: Up to 200cm

Many birds are fond of its seeds. Flowers June to September. A good nectar plant that enjoys lots of sun. Attractive to moths and has one-sided spikes of blue flowers.

Common name: Yarrow
Latin name: Achillea millefolium
Height: Up to 80cm

Attracts butterflies, moths and ladybirds. White or pink flowers. A common plant of meadows and pastures. Is drought resistant. Flowers July to October. A good nectar plant.

Common name: Yellow rattle
Latin name: Rhinanthus minor

Pollinated by bumblebees. Is semi-parasitic on some grasses and is often sown in an attempt to weaken very vigorous grass growth. Flowers May to August.

Technical Information

Growing mat Spec:

450g per m² biodegradable Grassfelt

Weight:

Approx 15kg per m² when moist

Approx 22kg per m² when saturated

Roll Length:

Variable dependant on site measurements and handling ability

Fixing Options:

150mm biodegradable plastic biopegs

Roll Width:

0.75-2.0 metres

For Slopes:

Frequency 1-3 per m² dependant on slope gradient

Vegetation Spec:

LW6 Wildflower Mix

50:50 wildflower and perennial mix with 20 species of wildflower including: Cats Ear, Salad Burnet, Meadow Buttercup, Yellow Rattle, Ribwort Plantain, Lady’s Bedstraw, Yarrow, Cowslip, Self Heal and Red Campion

Creating your wildflower area

1. Preparation
Existing vegetation should be killed or removed. Dig over or rotavate the soil to at least 100mm deep and rake over to create a reasonably fine tilth. Remove large stones, roots or clods of earth. The wildflower turf does not require a top quality finish to the soil preparation, as the end result is intentionally ‘meadow like’. However it is vital that the roots of the plants in the turf are all in contact with the soil to ensure that the turf establishes well. By the same token the soil need not be completely level as the turf will develop robustly and any slight unevenness will be lost as the turf grows to its full height.

2. Drainage
Attention must be paid to both underground and surface drainage. Ideally the soil should be free draining and not compacted. However if waterlogged soil is the problem please contact us for advice

3. Soil Structure/fertility
Wildflowers can survive on fewer nutrients than conventional lawn grasses. If the soil is highly fertile, grasses and weeds tend to swamp out wildflowers as they are, generally, less competitive. Therefore wildflowers will do better on poor soils than awn grasses and it is important NOT to apply fertiliser to the soil prior to, or after laying the turf. Where wildflowers are seeded, it may be necessary to remove good quality top soil to increase the success rate of the seed. The Wildflower turf will establish on a large range of soil types and soil structures.

4. Turf Laying
When laying the turf rolls, do not overlap the joined edges and do not create tension so that the joints pull apart. Care should be taken to ensure that all joins are butted up correctly to prevent the development of weeds growing up from beneath the turf. Providing this is achieved the laying of the turf should be reasonably quick as a bowling as a Bowling Green finish is not needed. Once laid water the turf well as this will help it to ‘settle in’.

5. Watering
Once laid water the turf thoroughly. If the soil is not soaked before laying it is important to check that this initial watering soaks through to the soil beneath the turf. During this watering check by lifting a corner of the turf to ensure that the soil is damp. Do not allow the turf to dry out during the time it establishes. For the first growing season it is important to water the turf occasionally, during extended dry spells. Once well established the wildflower turf will tend to cope with most circumstances but the flowers will benefit from water during very dry periods.

6. Fertilising
No fertiliser is needed, although in some circumstances, for example on a green roof or where the turf is on very low fertility soil such as sand or gravel, the addition of a light dose of fertiliser at certain times of the year may improve plant  development.

7. Mowing
Once stablished the wildflower turf requires very little maintenance, however, there is one important task to carry out each autumn: to cut the plants and remove these cuttings. This can be done by strimming and raking or using a mower and collecting the cuttings. Make sure these tools are sharp and try to minimise trafficking. Cutting the plants back to 2 to 3 inches (50 to 75mm) in length is a vital part of their lifecycle and ensures that re-growth will continue year on year. This should be carried out in the autumn, ideally after the plants have set and shed their seed. Not only does this tidy up the area for the winter but it stops the summer growth from covering the growing plant in a layer of rotting plant material. An open sward over the winter ensures healthy, disease free plants which can benefit from what light is available to them during these months. As the spring approaches the wildflowers and grasses are in the perfect position to develop flowers and seed heads quickly to repeat their perennial cycle thus guaranteeing a wildflower meadow year after year. There may need to be an extra cut in early spring to knock back any dominant species. Doing this will allow the others to come through and compete to create a more uniformed appearance.